- The LXDE desktop is similar to the Windows XP desktop with the “Start” button replaced by a “Menu” button. It is an icon that looks like a bird of some kind (lower left hand corner). Just click on the icon to open the menus and select a program to run.
- The File Manager icon is just to the right of the “Menu” button. Use it to browse the files on your computer.
- If you prefer to Single-Click items on the desktop, open File Manager icon (or, on the menu, choose ACCESSORIES – FILE MANAGER.) In the program, click EDIT – PREFERENCES and tick the box “Open files with single click.”
- To change the desktop wallpaper (or make other visual changes), right-click on a blank space of the desktop and select “Desktop Preferences.”
- To activate the SDCard reader, see the Crouton WIKI page here.
There are an almost unlimited number of free software packages (programs) available for Ubuntu. I strongly recommend a few additional packages.
HOW: Execute a terminal <ctrl><alt><t> and type each command in the lines below (one at a time, followed by <enter>. (After the first issue of the “sudo” command, you will be asked for your password.)
The first call should be “sudo apt-get update” (to refresh the software catalogue)
- sudo apt-get install synaptic
- sudo apt-get install gparted
- sudo apt-get install gwenview
- sudo apt-get install gedit
- sudo apt-get install chromium-browser (if you did not install CHROME during initial install)
- sudo apt-get install libreoffice
- sudo apt-get install cups
You CAN add the calls together on a single line. Example:
“sudo apt-get install synaptic gparted gwenview gedit libreoffice cups”
- Synaptic is a program to allow you to add repositories and search / install new packages. (Use the installed GDebi package to install any downloaded packages.)
- GParted is a POWERFUL partition manager. Use it with respect and caution!
- Gwenview is an excellent graphic viewer. To enable Flash player support visit this site for a simple guide.
- Gedit is a very nice (graphical) text editor. You can use the menu to select it, or use the terminal to run it as root: “Sudo gedit /<folder>/<filename>”
- Chromium is the Linux (GPL) version of Google’s Chrome browser.
- LibreOffice is the most powerful Free & Open Source Office suite on the market: Writer, Calc, Draw, Base, , and Math (available for Windows, Mac, and Linux). Reads & writes in MS Office compatible formats.
- Cups is the print server for Linux (visit this link for information help setting it up.)
CUPS can be configured and monitored using a web interface, which by default is available at http://localhost:631/admin. The web interface can be used to perform all printer management tasks.
In order to perform administrative tasks via the web interface, you must either have the root account enabled on your server, or authenticate as a user in the lpadmin group. For security reasons, CUPS won’t authenticate a user that doesn’t have a password.
To add a user to the lpadmin group, run at the terminal prompt:
sudo usermod -aG lpadmin <yourusername>
After each change in the Cups configuration, restart the service with the command:
sudo /etc/init.d/cups restart